Is a marginal site, which is a miracle of human creation is made in the 9th century by dynasti SyailendrPrambanan, Prambanan named after the village, is the biggest temple complex in Java. There are 224 temples in the complex; three towering temples on the central terrace dominate the complex. Those are Brahma Temple in the North, Visnu Temple in the South and the biggest among the three which lies between Brahma and Visnu is Çiwa Temple which soars up to 47 meters high.
These three ancient masterpieces of Hindu architecture are locally referred to as Prambanan Temple or Rorojonggrang Temple. One of its appeals is the wealth of sculptural detail which is the most famous is on the inner wall of the balustrade, the wonderful Ramayana Epic.
Ratu Boko is an archaeological site known to modern Javanese as Kraton Ratu Boko or Ratu Boko's Palace. Ratu Boko is located on a plateau, about three kilometres south of Lara Jonggrang Prambanan temple complex in Yogyakarta Indonesia. The original name of this site is still unclear, however the local inhabitants named this site after King Boko, the legendary king mentioned in Loro Jonggrang folklore.
The site covers 16 hectares in two hamlets (Dawung and Sambireja) of the village of Bokoharjo and Prambanan. In striking contrast to other Classic-period sites in Central Java and Yogyakarta, which are remains of temples, Ratu Boko displays attributes of an occupation or settlement site, although its precise functions is unknown. Probably the site was a palace complex which belongs to the kings of Sailendra or Mataram Kingdom that also build temples scattered across Prambanan valley. The argument was based on the fact that this complex was not a temple nor building with religious nature, but a fortified palace instead which evidence in the remnant of fortified walls and the dry moat as defensive structures. The remains of settlements also founds in Ratu Boko vicinity. This site is located 196 m above the sea level, on the highest point in the site, there is a small pavilion from which one will be able to see a panoramic view of Prambanan temple with Mount Merapi as the background.
According to Kalasan Incription dated 778 AD, pranagari script written in sanskrit, the temple was erected by the will of Guru Sang Raja Sailendravamçatilaka (the Jewel of Sailendra family) that succeed to persuade Maharaja Tejaprnaparna Panangkaran (in other part of the inscription also called as Kariyana Panangkaran) to construct a holy building for the goddess (boddhisattvadevi) Tara and also build a Whara (monastery) for buddhist monks from Sailendra family's realm. Panangkaran awarded the Kalaça village to sangha (buddhist monastic community). According to the date of this inscription, Kalasan temple is the oldest among temples built in the Prambanan valley.
Plaosan temple was built in the mid 9th century by Sri Kahulunnan or Pramodawardhani, the daughter of Samaratungga, descendent of Sailendra Dynasty, and who was married to Rakai Pikatan in the Hindu tradition. The Plaosan complex is an ensemble of two Buddhist temples, Plaosan Lor and Plaosan Kidul. The temples are separated by a road; Plaosan Lor is located in the North and Plaosan Kidul in the South. Plaosan Lor consists of two main temple and an open area known as a mandapa. Both temples have an entrance, a gate, and the guardian statue known as Dwarapala. Plaosan Lor and Plaosan Kidul are considered to originally be one complex.
Candi Barong yang mempunyai hiasan kala dan naga mirip seperti barong pada pintu masuknya adalah candi Hindu yang berada tidak jauh dari Candi Ratu Boko, yaitu di dusun Candisari, kelurahan Bokoharjo, Prambanan, Yogyakarta. Candi ini dibangun pada sekitar abad ke-9 dan ke-10 pada saat zaman Kerajaan Mataram Kuno. Kompleks candi ini berada di atas tanah berundak 3 dengan beberapa bangunan candi pada setiap terasnya. Pada teras tertinggi terdapat 2 buah candi untuk pemujaan dewa Wisnu dan dewi Sri sebagai lambang kesuburan. Masing-masing candi ini mempunyai ukuran kira-kira 8 meter x 8 meter dengan tinggi 9 meter.
Banyunibo Temple (which means falling water-drip in the Java language) is a Buddhist temple located not far from the Temple of Ratu Boko, about 2,3 kilometer from POERI DEVATA Resort Hotel. This temple was built at about the 9th century when the era of Old Mataram Kingdom. At the top of this temple there is a stupa that are characteristic of Buddhism.
This temple was apparently still quite solid and intact with kala-makara relief carvings and other forms of relief that still seems very clear. The temple which has the middle room was first discovered and repaired back to the 1940s, and now in the middle area of paddy fields.
Position Sambisari temple is located 6.5 meters below ground, most likely because of buried lava from Mount Merapi, which erupted on a large scale in the early 11th century (probably in 1006). This can be seen from the number of volcanic rock material around the temple.
With temples surrounded by walls of the original with the size of 50 mx 48 m, the main temple complex has a chapel, accompanied by three (companion). Inside the temple there are statues of Durga (the north), the statue of Ganesha (the east), the statue of Shiva, Agastya (the south), and on the west there are two gods doorman: Mahakala and Nadisywara.